The Hike to Machu Picchu
Published 22 June 2016
Machu Picchu forms one of the most iconic landscapes in the world. It is the site of an old Inca settlement dating from the 16th Century and enjoys a spectacular location on a mountain ridge. The journey there – usually done as a trek – is almost as famous as the settlement itself, and in this post Jayne Gorman tells us all about it.
We decided that there was no better way to discover the Inca ruins at Machu Picchu than by following the original Inca footsteps through the Andes. But it was the first time I had ever done an activity like this – my first trek, my first time in South America, my first time camping in the wilderness. In short, I was dreading it.
We arrived in Cuzco, 11,000 ft above sea level, two days before our tour was due to start in order to acclimatize to the altitude. Initially none of us felt any different and I was beginning to wonder what all the fuss was about. Until I tried to climb some stairs. I approached them in my usual pace and by the time I got to the top I was woozy and dizzy and holding onto the banister so as not to fall back down. So this is what the Inca Trail is going to be like, I feared.
For the 9 women in our group there were 16 porters, 2 guides and 2 chefs.
The day before departing Cuzco we met up with the rest of the group who would be joining us on the trail. I later wrote home that, “We had an all female group of which we were the youngest, so there were no macho show offs racing to camp each day.” Our local guide took the group through the next few days, what we would need to bring with us, and asked whether we would like to hire any special equipment. He had super thermal sleeping bags and ground liners for rent. We took him up on the offer of a comfier floor to sleep on but turned down the thermal sleeping bags in favour of our more familiar own ones. This was a huge error.
The classic Inca Trail is a 44km (27 mile) hike with 3 high passes, one of which reaches an elevation of 4200m (13,776 ft) above sea level. For the 9 women in our group there were 16 porters, 2 guides and 2 chefs. We felt thoroughly spoiled as the tiny Sherpas, many in bare feet, ran ahead with all our equipment so that dinner could be ready and waiting when we arrived at the fully-built camp each night.
The first day had only one major climb so we could set our own pace and begin to take in the dramatic scenery: empty wide valleys, lonely donkeys, the misty sky. We’d had an easy start, whereas the second day of the trek was all uphill – 4200 metres uphill at 13000 ft above sea level – to the highest point of the trek known as Dead Woman’s Pass. At one point I had to stop every two steps to regain my breath. On the steepest parts I worked out it was better to weave from side to side then tackle the steps face on. The shortness of breath was a struggle but at least none of us were suffering from severe altitude sickness. I remember a lady in another group who was; she had to be assisted all the way back down the way we had come.
Dinner was ready to be served as soon as we strolled up to the dining tent.
When night time came and the temperature dropped to minus 15 degrees I discovered just how underprepared I was for this trip – for some reason I thought just putting on two jumpers would suffice. Unsurprisingly there was not much to do of an evening on the side of a cold dark mountain, so we just crawled into bed at 7pm each night, tried to stay warm and prayed we wouldn’t need to go to the loo in the middle of the night.
Most mornings you are woken at 5am by a tap of on the tent and a warm bowl of water outside to wash in. Our crew on the trip were simply superb. Whilst I was wearing everything I owned and dreadfully fearing my next trip from the tent to the toilet, the porters were hurrying around cooking up warm breakfast and dishing out hot drinks of coca mate – known to help with altitude sickness. Everyday they would arrive at camp hours before us and not only have all our tents set up, but dinner was ready to be served as soon as we strolled up to the dining tent, even though we had last seen them packing up the tent and pans from the lunch they had prepared for us on the side of some pass. They are miracle men and I couldn’t have done it without them.
On the fourth and final day you are woken at 4am to begin the trek to the Sun Gate and the view we had been working our way towards for 3 days, the first glimpse of Machu Picchu. After all those days following in the footsteps of the Inca’s, coming across old ruins, treading on their actual stones and wandering through cloud forests, finally seeing Machu Picchu from the Sun Gate is quite momentous. The Inca ruins, dating from the 15thcentury, are spectacular and you kind of hope they will be after trekking four days to see them.
Why Machu Pichhu has survived all these years is disputed, perhaps its remoteness helped protect it, perhaps the fact they found mainly females bones here meant it was a holy site? It is not mentioned in any of the chronicles of the Spanish conquistadors and archaeologists today can do no more than speculate on its function. Today though the history and beauty of the site is widely recognized – Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and in 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
All I know was it looked like a pretty special place to me and I’m glad I hadn’t got there the easy way (there is a train to nearby town Aguas Caliente for those that don’t fancy hiking). Machu Picchu was more than worth the hike, even if the trek had been a bit tougher than I anticipated.
Pack toilet roll, wet wipes and hand sanitizers to deal with the bathrooms on the route. Thermal clothing and an adequate sleeping bag are also advised!